Skip to main content

Bilqis: A Powerful Female Character in the Quran

Bilqis, Queen of Sheba, is a powerful female character in the Quran who is a leadership and strength model. Her story is recounted in several chapters of the Quran, and she is also mentioned in other Islamic texts. 

Bilqis's legacy has endured through the centuries as a symbol of female empowerment and a reminder of good governance's importance. This article will explore the story of Bilqis as it is told in the Quran, her leadership and power in the kingdom of Sheba, her encounter with King Solomon, and the lessons and inspiration that her story provides for modern leaders and Muslim women. 

Narrations in Quran

1. Introduction: Who is Bilqis, Queen of Sheba?

Background Information

Bilqis, also known as the Queen of Sheba, is a figure in Islamic history and literature best known for meeting King Solomon. She is believed to have ruled over the kingdom of Sheba, located in modern-day Yemen.

Importance of Bilqis in Islamic History

Bilqis's story is mentioned in the Quran and is also a part of Islamic tradition. She is celebrated as a powerful female character and a symbol of women's leadership and independence in Islamic history.

2. The Quranic Narrative of Bilqis's Story

Overview of the Quranic Stories of Bilqis

The story of Bilqis is mentioned in the Quran in Surah An-Naml. According to the Quran, Prophet Solomon was gifted with the ability to communicate with animals and control the wind. Bilqis is mentioned as a queen who ruled over a prosperous kingdom and was known for her intelligence and wisdom. She is intrigued by the stories of King Solomon's power and decides to visit him to see if they can form an alliance.

Details of Bilqis's Story

The Quranic story describes Bilqis's journey to meet King Solomon. She arrives at his palace, made of pure gold, and is amazed by his power and wealth. King Solomon invites her to a banquet, allowing her to convert to Islam and submit to his authority. Bilqis is hesitant and asks for time to consider the offer. She ultimately decides to return to her kingdom and consult with her people.

3. Bilqis's Leadership and Power in Sheba

Bilqis's Political Role in Sheba

Bilqis is celebrated as a powerful female ruler who governed a prosperous kingdom. She is believed to have made significant political decisions that benefited her people and maintained the stability of her kingdom.

Bilqis's Economic Role in Sheba

Bilqis is also known for her economic policies prioritizing trade and commerce. Her kingdom was known for its wealth and prosperity, with abundant natural resources and a thriving agricultural industry.

4. Bilqis and King Solomon: An Encounter of Two Great Rulers

The meeting between Bilqis and King Solomon

The meeting between Bilqis and King Solomon is often regarded as a historic encounter between two great rulers. It is believed to have been a diplomatic mission to establish an alliance between their two kingdoms.

Interpretations of the Bilqis and King Solomon Story in Islamic Tradition

The story of Bilqis and King Solomon is interpreted in various ways in Islamic tradition. Some see it as a lesson in diplomacy and governance, while others see it as a symbol of women's empowerment and leadership. Regardless of the interpretation, Bilqis remains an essential figure in Islamic history and a powerful example for women everywhere.

5. The Significance of Bilqis's Story for Muslim Women Today

Relevance of Bilqis's Story for Muslim Women's Empowerment

Bilqis's story is a powerful example of a woman in leadership in Islamic history. Her intelligence, strength, and strategic thinking are inspiring for Muslim women today who are seeking to take on leadership roles. Bilqis's tale is particularly relevant in societies where women do not have equal opportunities in leadership. By studying her story, Muslim women can learn to overcome gender-based obstacles and develop leadership qualities.

A Muslim Feminist Perspective on Bilqis's Story

Muslim feminists see Bilqis's story as a clear example of a woman who successfully navigated patriarchal structures to become an influential leader. Her story challenges traditional patriarchal views that suggest women are incapable of leadership roles. Muslim feminists often reference Bilqis as a woman who relied on her strengths and intelligence to assert her power in a male-dominated society.

6. Bilqis in Islamic Art and Culture

Depictions of Bilqis in Islamic Art

The story of Bilqis has been depicted in various forms of Islamic art, including calligraphy, paintings, and sculptures. These pieces often portray her as a regal and dignified queen, showcasing her strength and wisdom. Calligraphic art often includes verses from the Quran that refer to Bilqis and her story.

The Role of Bilqis in Islamic Literature

Bilqis's story has inspired Muslim writers throughout history. The Queen of Sheba is celebrated in Islamic literature for her intelligence and strategic thinking. Her tale has been retold in many forms, including poetry and prose. The most famous literary work inspired by her is "The Thousand and One Nights," where she is featured in various stories.

7. Bilqis's Legacy: Lessons and Inspiration for Modern Leaders

Leadership Lessons from Bilqis's Story

Bilqis's story offers valuable lessons for modern leaders. Her strategic thinking, intelligence, and ability to adapt to challenging situations are qualities that can be emulated today. Her example showcases how leaders can overcome gender-based obstacles and fight for their rights and power.

Bilqis's Story as Inspiration for Women Leaders

Bilqis's story inspires women leaders seeking to break down gender barriers and achieve success in their leadership roles. Her story offers a model of courage, intellect, and determination that can inspire women to take on leadership roles and confidently navigate patriarchal structures.

8. Conclusion: Bilqis's Story and its Relevance in Today's World

Summary of Bilqis's Story and Importance

Bilqis's story is a powerful example of a woman who successfully navigated patriarchal structures to become an influential leader. Her tale reminds us that women can succeed in leadership roles, despite societal barriers. Her story showcases that leadership qualities such as intelligence, courage, and strategic thinking are not gender-specific and can be developed by anyone.

Final Thoughts and Reflections

In conclusion, the story of Bilqis is a testimony to the strengths and abilities of women and a reminder that women have been leaders throughout Islamic history. 

Her story offers valuable lessons and inspiration for Muslim women and general leaders seeking to break down gender-based barriers and succeed in their roles. Bilqis's legacy continues today as a symbol of strength, courage, and determination. 

In conclusion, the story of Bilqis, Queen of Sheba, is a testament to the power of female leadership and the importance of good governance. Her story has inspired and influenced people for centuries and continues to be a source of inspiration for modern leaders and Muslim women. 

Bilqis's legacy serves as a reminder of the vital role that women can play in society and serves as a call for all of us to work towards a more just and equitable world.


Who was Bilqis?

Bilqis was the Queen of Sheba, a kingdom in the southern Arabian Peninsula, mentioned in the Quran and other Islamic texts. She is known for her wisdom, wealth, and beauty.

What is the significance of Bilqis's story in the Quran?

Bilqis's story in the Quran is significant as it portrays a powerful female character who was a strong leader and governed her kingdom with wisdom and justice. Her story is also substantial for Muslim women today as it is a female empowerment and leadership model.

What lessons can modern leaders learn from Bilqis's story?

Modern leaders can learn several lessons from Bilqis's story, including the importance of good governance, strong leadership, and the significance of wise decision-making. Her story serves as a reminder of the power of women in leadership and the potential for positive change.

How has Bilqis's legacy endured over time?

Bilqis's legacy has endured over time through the retelling of her story in Islamic texts and through depictions of her in Islamic art. She has also inspired several female leaders throughout history, symbolizing empowerment and strength. 

References & External Links

  1. Aslan, R. (2011). Zealot: The life and times of Jesus of Nazareth. Random House LLC.
  2. Barber, C. (1994). The story of the Bible. Dorling Kindersley.
  3. Cragg, K. (2017). Islam: A concise introduction. Oxford University Press.
  4. Donner, F. M. (2008). Muhammad and the believers: At the origins of Islam. Harvard University Press.
  5. Fisher, M. P. (2014). Living religions. Pearson.
  6. Guillaume, A. (1955). The life of Muhammad: A translation of Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah. Oxford University Press.
  7. Haleem, M. A. S. A. (2010). The Qur'an: English translation and parallel Arabic text. Oxford University Press.
  8. Leeming, D. A. (2014). The world of myth: An anthology. Oxford University Press.
  9. Mack, B. L. (1995). Who wrote the New Testament? The making of the Christian myth. HarperCollins Publishers.
  10. Rippin, A. (2005). Muslims: Their religious beliefs and practices. Routledge.Images


Popular posts from this blog

The Story of Lut (Lot): Biblical Account and its Significance

Lut (Lot) was a prophet and messenger of Allah sent to guide the people of Sodom and Gomorrah toward the path of righteousness. He was the nephew of the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) and was known for his wisdom, piety, and compassion. According to Islamic tradition, Lut was born in the city of Ur in Mesopotamia and grew up in a household that was deeply committed to the worship of Allah. He learned the teachings of the prophets and became a respected member of his community, known for his honesty, generosity, and kindness towards others. When Lut was young, Allah sent him to Sodom and Gomorrah, known for their wickedness and corruption. The people of these cities had abandoned the teachings of the prophets and indulged in all kinds of immoral behavior, including homosexuality and idol worship. Lut preached the message of monotheism and urged the people to repent and turn back to Allah. However, he faced immense resistance and persecution from the people, who mocked and ridiculed him for h

The Quran and Scientific Progress: An Insight into the Future of Knowledge

  The Quran and Scientific Progress: An Insight into the Future of Knowledge The Quran is the religious book of Islam and is widely regarded as one of the most influential books in history. While it is primarily a spiritual guide, many scholars have recognized its significant contributions to the scientific world. The Quran and science have a complex and multifaceted relationship that has been the subject of much debate and exploration. From the Quran's descriptions of natural phenomena to its influence on scientific progress, this article aims to examine the relationship between the Quran and science, dispel common misconceptions, highlight recent scientific discoveries related to the Quran, and explore the potential for further collaboration between science and Islam's holy book. Introduction to the Quran and Science The Quran is the central religious text of Islam, believed by Muslims to be the word of God as revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. Science, on the other hand, is t

Muhammad (SM): A Comprehensive Exploration of His Life and Legacy

The Importance of Prophet Muhammad (SM) in Islam Prophet Muhammad (SM) is considered the last and final Prophet of Islam, and his life is a crucial part of Islamic history and religion. His teachings, actions, and examples are followed by Muslims all over the world. Prophet Muhammad (SM) was born in Mecca in 570 CE to a noble family of the Quraysh tribe. He received his first revelation at age 40 from Angel Gabriel, which marked the start of his prophethood. Why His Life is Significant for Muslims The life of Prophet Muhammad (SM) holds great importance for Muslims as it provides a divine example. As the last messenger of Allah, he guided humanity toward righteousness and showed how to live according to Allah's commands. The Quran contains many stories about his life that inspire Muslims. Moreover, Prophet Muhammad's (SM) teachings on morality, ethics, social justice, and spirituality continue to shape Islamic culture and society. His example encourages Muslims to follow a life

Live Mecca