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Life of Abdul Qadir Jilani


Early Life:

Abdul Qadir Jilani was born in the Iranian province of Gilan in 1077 CE. His father, Abu Salih, was a religious scholar and a pious man who instilled in him a deep love for Islamic teachings. Abdul Qadir received his early education from his father and showed exceptional intelligence and a keen interest in Islamic studies.

Education and Early Career:

At the age of 18, Abdul Qadir left his hometown to travel to Baghdad, which was then a center of Islamic learning. He studied under some of the most renowned scholars of the time, including Abu'l-Khair Hammad ibn Muslim al-Dabbas and Abu Zakariya ibn Yahya al-Saji. He also developed a strong interest in Sufism and became a disciple of Abu'l-Khair.

After completing his studies, Abdul Qadir returned to his hometown and began teaching Islamic studies. He quickly gained a reputation as a brilliant scholar and a spiritual guide, and many people came to seek his advice and guidance.

Founding of the Qadiriyya Order:

In 1132 CE, Abdul Qadir founded the Qadiriyya order, which became one of the most influential Sufi orders in the Islamic world. The order emphasized the importance of piety, humility, and devotion to Allah, and its members were known for their strict adherence to Islamic teachings.

Abdul Qadir's teachings attracted a large number of followers, and he established a center for the order in Baghdad. He also wrote several books on Sufism and Islamic theology, including "The Secret of Divine Secrets" and "Futuh al-Ghaib."

Miracles and Legacy:

Abdul Qadir was known for his spiritual powers and his ability to perform miracles. Many stories are told of his supernatural abilities, such as his ability to walk on water and his power to heal the sick.

Abdul Qadir died in 1166 CE at the age of 89. He left behind a legacy that continues to inspire millions of people around the world. His teachings on piety, devotion to Allah, and humility have been passed down through generations of his followers, and his Qadiriyya order continues to thrive in many parts of the world.

In conclusion, Abdul Qadir Jilani was a remarkable scholar and a spiritual guide whose teachings and legacy continue to inspire people around the world. His emphasis on piety, humility, and devotion to Allah, as well as his ability to perform miracles, have made him one of the most revered figures in Islamic history. His Qadiriyya order remains an influential force in the Islamic world, and his teachings continue to guide Muslims seeking spiritual fulfillment and enlightenment.

Abdul Qadir's teachings emphasized the importance of living a balanced life, which meant cultivating both the inner and outer aspects of one's being. He stressed the need for spiritual purification and the importance of performing good deeds and engaging in charitable acts.

One of the most well-known aspects of Abdul Qadir's teachings was his emphasis on the concept of tawakkul, or trust in Allah. He taught that true faith in Allah meant putting one's complete trust in Him and surrendering oneself to His will. This concept was central to his teachings and remains an important aspect of the Qadiriyya order.

Abdul Qadir's influence extended beyond the Islamic world, and his teachings have been studied and admired by people of different faiths. In fact, many non-Muslims have become interested in Sufism and the teachings of Abdul Qadir, and have been drawn to the Qadiriyya order because of its emphasis on universal values such as love, compassion, and service to humanity.

Abdul Qadir's legacy also includes the many institutions that have been established in his name, including mosques, schools, and charities. These institutions continue to serve the needs of people around the world, and are a testament to the enduring impact of Abdul Qadir's teachings and his commitment to serving humanity.

In summary, Abdul Qadir Jilani was a remarkable scholar and spiritual guide whose teachings and legacy continue to inspire people around the world. His emphasis on spiritual purification, balance in life, trust in Allah, and service to humanity remain relevant today and continue to guide Muslims and non-Muslims alike in their quest for spiritual fulfillment and enlightenment.


Abdul Qadir Jilani's life was filled with many significant events and achievements. Here are some additional details about his life and teachings:


  1. Journey to Baghdad: Abdul Qadir's journey to Baghdad was a significant event in his life, as it provided him with the opportunity to study under some of the most renowned scholars of his time. He spent many years in Baghdad, studying and teaching Islamic theology and Sufism.

  2. Vision of Prophet Muhammad: Abdul Qadir had a vision of Prophet Muhammad, in which he was instructed to establish a Sufi order. This vision played a significant role in his decision to found the Qadiriyya order.

  3. Teachings on Sufism: Abdul Qadir's teachings on Sufism emphasized the importance of cultivating a deep and personal relationship with Allah. He taught that this could be achieved through spiritual practices such as meditation, recitation of the Quran, and contemplation of Allah's attributes.

  4. Universalism: Abdul Qadir's teachings emphasized the universal values of love, compassion, and service to humanity. He believed that these values transcended religious and cultural boundaries, and that they were essential for the attainment of spiritual enlightenment.

  5. Spiritual Practices: The Qadiriyya order is known for its emphasis on certain spiritual practices, including the recitation of certain prayers and the use of certain spiritual exercises. These practices are designed to help members of the order cultivate a deeper relationship with Allah and achieve spiritual enlightenment.

  6. Legacy: Abdul Qadir's legacy continues to be felt today, not only in the teachings of the Qadiriyya order but also in the many institutions that have been established in his name. These institutions include mosques, schools, and charities, which continue to serve the needs of people around the world.

In conclusion, Abdul Qadir Jilani was a remarkable figure in Islamic history, whose teachings and legacy continue to inspire people around the world. His emphasis on spiritual purification, universalism, and service to humanity remains relevant today, and his Qadiriyya order continues to be an important force in the Islamic world.



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